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Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) has gained increasing attention owing to their diverse applications, especially as an indispensable power supply for rechargeable sensors and wearable portable electronic devices in the IoT era. However, dielectric materials for fabricating TENG are mostly thermoplastic polymers, which are normally unsatisfactory and easily deteriorated at elevated temperatures, thereby hindering its applications in harsh environments. In this research, customizable polyimide (PI) membranes were prepared by a facile and scalable solution phase separation for a heat-resistant high-power TENG. A mixture of N, N-dimethylacetamide and methanol is exploited as a proper pair of solvent and nonsolvent to induce phase separation, resulting in the formation of porous structures. The results showed that PI films possessed uniform and high porosity, and especially, they have excellent thermal stability compared to commercial thermoplastic membranes such as the Celgard. The new porous PI-based TENG device exhibited a significant enhancement in electrical output of 10 times and 2 times compared with TENGs based on flat PI and commercial Kapton, respectively. More importantly, a new antagonist-structured TENG composed of microdome-convex chitosan and porous-concave PI could generate a superior output voltage of 180 V, which could directly power a “HCMUT” panel with 102 light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Besides the advantages such as superior output, excellent temperature resistance and ease of scaling up, our new TENG is highly potential to be applied in specific applications such as self-powered electronic systems working in harsh environments.

Author's Affiliation
  • Tien Van Bui

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  • Thu Ha Le

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  • Ngoc Mai Chau

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  • Thi Le Thanh Nguyen

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Bui, T., Le, T., Chau, N., & Nguyen, T. L. (2023). Polyimide sponge fabricated by controlled phase separation of ternary solution for heat-resistant triboelectric nanogenerator. VNUHCM Journal of Engineering and Technology, 5(SI1), 109-119.

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