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In water purification plants, a large area of urban land is using to store waste sludge (WS). The waste sludge from water filtration plants is aluminosilicate, which can be form a geopolymer. However, the waste sludge has low alkaline activity, so it must be used in combination with fly ash (FA) to create geopolymer products. Fly ash is a solid waste containing amorphous silica so that has high alkaline activity, suitable for treatment by geopolymer method. The geopolymerization of waste sludge from water purification plants is a relatively new method. The geopolymer is a binder formed by the chemical reaction between aluminosilicate materials and alkaline activated solutions. The alkaline activated solution used in these experiments was water glass (WG). The water glass is solution of sodium silicate (Na2O.nSiO2) dissolved in water. The research results of geopolymer materials from the mixture of fly ash, the waste sludge of Thu Duc water purification plant, Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), and water glass (WG) were introduced in this study. The activated Al2O3 and SiO2 oxides in the fly ash and the waste sludge can be dissolved in the water glass and polymerized into a geopolymer material. The test samples had pressed at a high pressure of 225 MPa to form cylindrical ones weighing approximately 3 grams, height about 18 mm, and 10 mm in diameter. These samples were then cured at 110 C for 24 hours and at room temperature (30 +/- 5 C). The methods of Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) had used to detect the microscopic structure and geopolymer bond formation of the samples. The compressive strength of the tested samples at 28 days old was higher than 3.5 MPa, the pH was less than 12.5, meeting the Vietnamese National Standards for unbaked materials (TCVN 6477:2016) and National Technical Regulation on environmental impact (QCVN 50:2013 / BTNMT), respectively. The results show a new approach of solidifying the waste sludge for further applications such as the manufacture of geopolymer concretes or landfill materials.

Author's Affiliation
  • Do Quang Minh

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  • Huynh Ngoc Minh

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  • Nguyen Vu-Uyen Nhi

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Article Details

Issue: Vol 4 No 1 (2021)
Page No.: 663-669
Published: Feb 15, 2021
Section: Research article

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Creative Commons License

Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Minh, D., Minh, H., & Nhi, N. (2021). Unbaked materials from mixtures of waste sludge of a water purification plant, fly ash, and water glass. VNUHCM Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4(1), 663-669.

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