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The migration of a small droplet has been developed during the last two decades due to its applications in industry and high technology such as MEMS and NEMS devices, Lap-On-a- chip, transportation of fluids and so on. There have many studies on this topic in which the energy source as a driving force for the moving of a droplet is quite a difference like heating, magnetics, pressure, electric, laser, and so on. In this study, the numerical computation is used to investigate the transient thermocapillary migration of a water droplet in a micro-channel under the effect of heating source. For tracking the evolution of the free interface between two immiscible fluids, we employed the finite element method with the two-phase level set technique to solve the Navier-Stokes equations and continuity equation coupled with the energy equation. Both the upper wall and the bottom wall of the microchannel are set to be ambient temperature. 40mW heat source is placed at a distance of 1 mm from the initial position of a water droplet. When the heat source is turned on, a pair of asymmetric thermocapillary convection vortices is formed inside the droplet, and the thermocapillary on the receding side is smaller than that on the advancing side. The temperature gradient inside the droplet increases quickly at the initial times and then decreases versus time. Therefore, the actuation velocity of the water droplet first increases significantly and then decreases continuously. Furthermore, the results also indicate that the dynamic contact angle is strongly affected by the oil flow motion and the net thermocapillary momentum inside the droplet. The advancing contact angle is always larger than the receding contact angle during the actuation process.

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Article Details

Issue: Vol 3 No SI1 (2019): Special Issue 1 (Under Publishing)
Page No.: Online First
Published: Apr 12, 2020
Section: Research article

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Creative Commons License

Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Thanh Long, L., Chen Chen, J., & Huy Bich, N. (2020). Numerical investigation of the thermocapillary migration of a water droplet in a microchannel by applying a heat source. Science & Technology Development Journal - Engineering and Technology, 3(SI1), Online First.

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