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One of the most important and popular topics in optimization problems is to find its optimal solutions, especially Pareto optimal points, a well-known solution introduced in multi-objective optimization. This topic is one of the oldest challenges in many issues related to science, engineering and other fields. Many important practical-problems in science and engineering can be expressed in terms of multi-objective/ set-valued optimization problems in order to achieve the proper results/ properties. To find the Pareto solutions, a corresponding scalarization problem has been established and studied. The relationships between the primal problem and its scalarization one should be investigated for finding optimal solutions. It can be shown that, under some suitable conditions, the solutions of the corresponding scalarization problem have uniform spread and have a close relationship to Pareto optimal solutions for the primal one. Scalarization has played an essential role in studying not only numerical methods but also duality theory. It can be usefully applied to get relationships/ important results between other fields, for example optimization, convex analysis and functional analysis. In scalarization, we ussually use a kind of scalarized-functions. One of the first and the most popular scalarized-functions used in scalarization method is the Gerstewitz function. In the paper, we mention some problems in set-valued optimization. Then, we propose an application of the Gerstewitz function to these problems. In detail, we establish some optimality conditions for Pareto/ weak solutions of unconstrained/ constrained set-valued optimization problems by using the Gerstewitz function. The study includes the consideration of problems in theoretical approach. Some examples are given to illustrate the obtained results.

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Ha, M. L., Nguyen, D. H., & Nguyen, T. T. T. (2020). Optimality conditions for set-valued optimization problems via scalarization function. Science & Technology Development Journal - Engineering and Technology, 3(SI3), Online first.

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