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In this study, the numerical computation is used to investigate the transient thermocapillary migration of a water droplet in a Microchannel. For tracking the evolution of the free interface between two immiscible fluids, we employed the finite element method with the two-phase level set technique to solve the Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the energy equation. Both the upper wall and the bottom wall of the microchannel are set to be an ambient temperature. The heat source is placed at the left side of a water droplet. When the heat source is turned on, a pair of asymmetric thermocapillary convection vortices is formed inside the droplet and the thermocapillary on the receding side is smaller than that on the advancing side. The temperature gradient inside the droplet increases quickly at the initial times and then decreases versus time. Therefore, the actuation velocity of the water droplet first increases significantly, and then decreases continuously. The dynamic contact angle is strongly affected by the oil flow motion and the net thermocapillary momentum inside the droplet. The advancing contact angle is always larger than the receding contact angle during actuation process.

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  • Long Thanh Le

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Article Details

Issue: Vol 2 No SI2 (2019): Special Issue: Bach Khoa Youth Science and Technology
Page No.: SI137-SI143
Published: Dec 31, 2019
Section: Research article

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Creative Commons License

Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Le, L. (2019). Study of Fluids Motion in a Microchannel under Heat Source. Science & Technology Development Journal - Engineering and Technology, 2(SI2), SI137-SI143.

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