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Red mud is a highly alkaline solid waste from the Bayer process for aluminum production. Red mud reservoirs are usually considered as a potential environmental risk. The treatment of red mud is costly due to the lack of an effective and economical treatment technology. On the other hand, the main components of red mud are Fe2O3, Al2O3, SiO2, and Na2O, which could be employed as a promising precursor for the preparation of various nanomaterials. In this study, we prepared activated red mud by thermal and acid treatment method and applied it for adsorption of H2S in air. The red mud was activated under different temperatures (i.e., 200, 400, 600, and 800 oC for 4 h), types of acid (i.e., H2SO4 and HCl), and acid concentrations (i.e., 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 M). The produced materials were then applied for H2S removal in air with concentration of 90 – 110 mg/m3 using a fix-bed adsorption column test. Results showed that red mud activated at 800 oC and with 1.5 M H2SO4 solution had the highest adsorption capacity of 29.38 mg/g with an average removal efficiency of 80.2%. The effects of gas flow rate and initial H2S concentration were also investigated, and the highest removal capacity was achieved at an inlet concentration of 100 mg/m3 and flow rate of 1 L/min. Both Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms were employed for modelling the H2S adsorption by this material and the experimental result was more fitted with the Langmuir isotherm. The thermal desorption and recyclability test were also conducted for evaluating the practical application of activated red mud material and 200 oC was the suggested desorption temperature with 81.7% adsorption capacity recovery.

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Issue: Vol 2 No SI2 (2019): Special Issue: Bach Khoa Youth Science and Technology
Page No.: SI40-SI45
Published: Dec 31, 2019
Section: Research article

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Hien, L. P. T., Huy, L. T. A., Thanh, P. D., Thi, L. T. K., Le, B. K., Khoa, L. N. D., Vinh, D. Q., Vi, T. D., Hai, P. H., Thuy, V. T. T., & Huy, N. N. (2019). Preparation of activated red mud and its application for removal of hydrogen sulfide in air. VNUHCM Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(SI2), SI40-SI45.

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